Population and recent trends
Since their first contact with humans, yellow-eyed penguins have experienced tough times. They have been caught and eaten, and their forest homes have been destroyed to make way for farms and cities. Nets entangle them at sea and when ashore, introduced predatory mammals have decimated the remaining penguin populations.
By the breeding season of 1990/91 only an estimated 150 pairs were left on the South Island of New Zealand, and it was probably then the rarest penguin in the world. However, through the work of the Yellow-eyed Penguin Trust and others, numbers had increased to an estimated 442 pairs on mainland New Zealand by 2011.
Help us to protect the yellow-eyed penguin – they need people like you to help them survive.