Megadyptes antipodes (Mega = big, dyptes = diver, antipodes = southern lands) i.e. big diver from the southern lands. Maori name Hoiho (translation: Noise shouter). The ancient Maori name was Tavora. Status Endemic Size Adults 65 – 68cm in height. It is the fourth largest penguin in the world. Weight 5 – 8kg Colour Slate grey/blue back, white breast and belly. Yellow eyes and eye band. Habitat Forest and scrub land. Yellow-eyed penguins breed in forest or scrubland, choosing to build nests against rocks or tree trunks – out of visual contact of other pairs. Population 486 breeding pairs on the New Zealand mainland. Voice A shrill call. Each penguin has a voice that is different from all other penguins. Food Sometimes they make a daily round trip of 30km searching for food. They dive 200-300 times a day whilst foraging. Lifespan At least 22 years. Eggs Usually lays two white eggs in September and both parents take turns to ‘sit’ on the eggs. The eggs hatch after 43 days. Eggs hatch in one day. Threats Only 15% of chicks survive to breed themselves. Its numbers have declined in the last 50 years due to habitat loss and environmental changes. Dogs attack them, and cats, stoats and ferrets kill their chicks. Out at sea hoiho tangle and drown in set nets, or may not be able to find enough fish to eat. More facts Can be found on the Penguin Sentinels site.